Resources for the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment based
Proactive and Personalised Primary Care of the Elderly

Medication Review

  • AGS, 2012

The American Geriatrics Society 2012 Beers Criteria Update Expert Panel. (2012). American Geriatrics Society Updated Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60, 616–631.



  • Boustani M, 2008

Boustani M, Campbell N, Munger S et al. Impact of anticholinergics on the aging brain: A review and practical appllication. Aging Health 2008;4:311–320.


  • Carnahan RM, 2006

Carnahan RM, Lund BC, Perry PJ et al. The Anticholinergic Drug Scale as a measure of drug-related anticholinergic burden: Associations with serum anticholinergic activity. J Clin Pharmacol 2006;46:1481–1486.



  • O'Mahoney D, 2015

Denis O'Mahoney, David O'Sullivan, Stephen Byrne, Marie Noelle O'Connor, Cristin Ryan, Paul Gallagher. STOPP/START criteria for potentiallyinappropriate prescribing in older people: version 2. Age and Ageing 2015; 44: 213–218



  • O'Connor MN, 2012

O’Connor MN, Gallagher P, O’Mahony D. Inappropriate pre­scribing: criteria, detection and prevention. Drugs Aging 2012; 29: 437–52.



  • Onder G, 2013

Onder G, van der Cammen TJ, Petrovic M, Somers A, Rajkumar C. Strategies to reduce the risk of iatrogenic illness in complex older adults. Age Ageing 2013; 42: 284–91.



  • Resnick B, 2012

Resnick, B, & Fick, D.M. 2012 Beers Criteria update. How should practicing nurses use the Criteria? Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 38(6),



  • Rudolph JL, 2008

Rudolph JL, Salow MJ, Angelini MC et al. The Anticholinergic Risk Scale and anticholinergic adverse effects in older persons. Arch Intern Med 2008;168:508–513.



  • Scott I, 2010

Scott I, Jayathissa S. Quality of drug prescribing in older patients: is there a problem and can we improve it? Intern Med J 2010; 40: 7–18.


Physical Examination

These are references for Medication Review

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The Medication Review is one of 5 sub-domains of the

Medical Assessment

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The Medical Assessment is one of 8 domains of the

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA)

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