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Resources for the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment based
Proactive and Personalised Primary Care of the Elderly


  • Brooke P, 1999

Brooke P, Bullock R. Validation of a 6 item cognitive impairment test with a view to primary care usage. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 1999 Nov;14(11):936-40.


  • Cummings JL, 1994.

Cummings JL, Mega M, Gray K, Rosenberg-Thompson S, Carusi DA, Gornbein J. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory: comprehensive assessment of psychopathology in dementia. Neurology 1994; 44: 2308-2314.



  • Dubois B,, 2007.

Dubois B, Feldman HH, Jacova C, et al. Research criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: revising the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. Lancet Neurol 2007;6:734–46.



  • Dubois B, 2009.

Dubois B, Picard G, Sarazin M. Early detection of Alzheimer's disease: new diagnostic criteria. Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2009;11:135–9.



  • Galvin JE, 2005

Galvin JE, Rose CM, Powlishta KK, et al. the AD8. A brief informant interview to detect dementia. Neurology. 2005;65:559-564.


  • Galvin JE, 2007

Galvin JE, Roe CM, Coats MA, Morris JC. Patient's rating of cognitive ability: using the AD8, a brief informant interview, as a self-rating tool to detect dementia. Arch Neurol. 2007 May;64(5):725-30.


  • Galvin JE, 2012.

James E. Galvin, MD, MPH and  Carl H. Sadowsky, MD. Practical Guidelines for the Recognition and Diagnosis of Dementia. J Am Board Fam Med May-June 2012 vol. 25 no. 3 367-382



  • Iliffe S, 2009.

Iliffe S, Robinson L, Brayne C, et al. Primary care and dementia: 1. diagnosis, screening and disclosure. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2009;24:895–901.



  • Katzman R, 1983

Katzman R, Brown T, Fuld P: Validation of a short orientation-memory-concentration test of cognitive impairment. Am J Psychiatry 1983;140:734-739.


  • Langa KM, 2001.

Langa KM, Chernew ME, Kabeto MU, et al. National estimates of the quantity and cost of informal caregiving for the elderly with dementia. J Gen Intern Med 2001;16:770–8.



  • Morris JC, 2001.

Morris JC, Storandt M, Miller JP, et al. Mild cognitive impairment represents early-stage Alzheimer disease. Arch Neurol 2001;58:397–405.



  • NICE CG 42, 2006

National Institutes of Health and Clinical Excellence. Dementia: supporting people with dementia and their carers in health and social care.



Patel V, 1992.

Patel V and Hope RA. A rating scale for assessment of aggression in the elderly - the RAGE. Psychological Medicine / Volume 22 / Issue 01 / February 1992, pp 211-221



RANZCP, 2011

The Use od Antipsychotics in Residential Aged Care. Clinical Recommendations developed by the RANZCP Faculty of Psychiatry of Old Age ( New Zealand).



  • RANZCP, 2013

Assessment and management of People with Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD). A publication by the NSW Ministry of Health and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists, May 2013.



  • Salloway S, 2009.

Salloway S, Correia S. Alzheimer disease: time to improve its diagnosis and treatment. Cleve Clin J Med 2009;76:49–58.



  • Scharre DW, 2010

Scharre DW, Chang SI, Murden RA, et al. Self-administered gerocognitive examination (SAGE): a brief cognitive assessment Instrument for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2010;24(1):64-71.


  • Scharre DW, 2014

Scharre DW, Chang SI, Nagaraja HW, et al. Community cognitive screening using the Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination (SAGE). J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2014;26(4):369-375.


  • Scharre DW, 2017

Scharre DW, Chang SI, Nagaraja HN, Vrettos NE, Bornstein RA. Digitally translated Self-Administered Gerocognitive Examination (eSAGE): relationship with its validated paper version, neuropsychological evaluations, and clinical assessments. Alzheimers Res Ther. 2017;9(1):44. 


  • Szcześniak D, 2016

Szcześniak D, Rymaszewska J. The usfulness of the SLUMS test for diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and dementia. Psychiatr Pol. 2016;50(2):457-72.


  • van Hout HP, 2007.

van Hout HP, Vernooij-Dassen MJ, Stalman WA. Diagnosing dementia with confidence by GPs. Fam Pract 2007;24:616–21.



  • Woods RT, 2003.

Woods RT, Moniz-Cook E, Iliffe S, et al. Dementia: issues in early recognition and intervention in primary care. J R Soc Med 2003;96:320–4.


dependent dementia woman old age alzheimer's retirement home care for the elderly

Back To : Dementia

These are references for Dementia

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Dementia is one of 4 sub-domains of the

Psychological Assessment

Back To : Psychological Assessment

doctor and patient

The Psychological Assessment is one of 8 domains of the

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA)

Back To : Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment

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