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Resources for the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment based
Proactive and Personalised Primary Care of the Elderly

Urinary Incontinence

  • Abrams ,P 2002

Abrams P et al. The standardisation of terminology of lower urinary tract infection from the standardisation sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Neurol. Urodyn, 2002. 21(2) P.167-78/


  • Barry MJ, 1992

Barry MJ, Fowler FJ Jr, O'Leary MP, et al; The American Urological Association symptom index for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The Measurement Committee of the American Urological Association. J Urol. 1992 Nov;148(5):1549-57; discussion 1564



  • Boyle P, 2003

Boyle P, Robertson C, Mazzetta C et al. (September 2003). "The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms in men and women in four centres. The UrEpik study". BJU Int. 92 (4): 409–14. doi:10.1046/j.1464-410x.2003.04369.x.PMID 12930430.



  • Bright E, 2011

Bright, E., Drake, M., & Abrams, P. (2011). Urinary diaries: Evidence for the development and validation of diary content, format, and duration. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 30(3), 348-352.


  • Brown J, 2000

Brown J, Vittinghoff E, Wyman J et al. Urinary incontinence: does it increase risk for falls and fractures? J Am Geriatr Soc 2000; 48 (7): 721–725.



Dumoulin, C, 2010

Dumoulin, C. and J. Hay-Smith, Pelvic floor muscle training versus no treatment, or inactive control treatments, for urinary incontinence in women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2010(1)


  • Gibson W, 2015

Gibson W, Wagg A. Urinary Incontinence in the Frail Elderly. 2015

Canadian Geriatrics Society


  • Holroyd S, 2015

​Holroyd S. Incontinence-associated dermatitis: identification, prevention and care. Br J Nurs 2015; 24 (9): S37–38, S40–43.



  • Imamura M,  2010

Imamura M, Abrams P, Bain C et al. Systematic review and economic modelling of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of non-surgical treatments for women with stress urinary incontinence. Health Technol Assess 2010; 14 (40): 1–188.



  • Jeyaseelan S M, 2000

Jeyaseelan, S.M., Roe, B.H., & Oldham, J.A. (2000). The use of frequency/volume charts to assess urinary incontinence. Physical Therapy Reviews, 5(3), 141-146.


  • Locher J L, 2001

Locher, J.L., Goode, P.S., Rothe, D.L., Worrell, R.L., & Burgio, K.L. (2001). Reliability assessment of the bladder diary for urinary incontinence in older women. Journal of Gerontology Series A – Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, 56(1), M32-35.


  • ​NICE  CG 171, 2013

NICE. Urinary incontinence: the management of urinary incontinence in women. Clinical Guideline 171. NICE, 2013. 



  • NICE QS 77, 2015

NICE. Urinary incontinence in women. Quality Standard 77. NICE, 2015. 



  • RCOG, 2013

National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health. Urinary incontinence: the management of urinary incontinence in women. London, RCOG, 2013. Available at:



  • Sandvik H, 1995

Sandvik H. Bergen, Norway: Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen; 1995. Female urinary incontinence: studies of epidemiology and management in general practice (Thesis)



  • Senra C, 2015

Senra C, Pereira M. Quality of life in women with urinary incontinence. Rev Assoc Med Bras 2015; 61 (2): 178–183.


  • Tincello DG, 2007

Tincello, D.G., Williams, K.S., Joshi, M., Assassa, R.P., & Abrams, K.R. (2007). Urinary diaries: A comparison of data collected for three days versus seven days. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 109(2), 277-280.


urine dipstick

These are references for Urinary Incontinenece

Back To : Urinary Incontinence

Geriatric syndromes, older person in distress, CGA based Proactive Primary Care of the Elderly

Urinary Incontinence is one of 4 conditions identified as Geriatric Syndromes

Back To : Geriatric Syndromes

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