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Resources for the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment based
Proactive and Personalised Primary Care of the Elderly


Montreal Cognitive Assessment

Purpose : Rapid screening instrument for mild cognitive impairment.


Admin time :  10 min.

User Friendly :  High

Administered by: Certified rater


Content : One-page 30-point test. Translated to 36 languages and dialects


Author :  Dr. Ziad Nasreddine in Montreal, Canada, 1996

Copyright : Ziad Nasreddine MD, FRCP(C) Neurologist,

MoCA Copyright Owner MoCA Test Inc.

Terms of use :

Although MoCA© may be used, reproduced, and distributed for clinical use WITHOUT permission by Universities/Foundations/Health Professionals/Hospitals/Clinics/Public Health Institutes, the MoCA test and instructions are only to be accessed through the MoCA website ( It is therefore prohibited to post the MoCA test and/or instructions on a website.


Access to the MoCA© test and instructions/interpretation from the MoCA website requires registration

The registration process is free, quick and simple.


Since September 1st 2019, training and certification has become mandatory to administer and score the MoCA test for clinical, research and educational use.

The one-hour training and certification costs USD125, is valid lifelong, and is available in several languages.


The rationale for the mandatory training and certification is explained by the author and copyright holder

MoCA Test Mandatory Training and Certification: What Is the Purpose? (2019)


The test should be made available free of charge to patients.

Clinical and educational use requires permission if funded by commercial entity or pharma.

Research use requires permission.

MoCA online


The MoCA online is created by MoCA's author and copyright holder Dr. Ziad S. Nasreddine

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MoCA - online




  • People can complete it via an app or using a pen and paper.

  • It is easy to use.

  • It can help identify those who may need more specialist assessments or treatments.

  • It is an objective test.

  • It is available in different languages and versions.

  • It is good for assessing a person’s cognitive abilities.

  • Is relatively quick, taking between 10 and 15 minutes to complete.


Disadvantages :

  • Professionals require training to score the test.

  • A person’s level of education may affect the test.

  • Socioeconomic factors may affect the test.

  • People living with depression or other mental health issues may score similarly to those with mild dementia.

  • It is not suitable for discerning the type of dementia.


Accuracy : 

sensitivity 100% and specificity between 87% and 100% (Nasreddine ZS, 2005)

This Tool is used in Cognitive Decline

Back To : Cognitive Decline


Cognitive Decline is one of 4 sub-domains of the  

Psychological Assessment

Back To : Psychological Assessment

The PsychologicalAssessment is one of 8 domains of the

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA)

Back To : Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment

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