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Resources for the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment based
Proactive and Personalised Primary Care of the Elderly


pictorial Epworth Sleepiness Scale

Purpose : Pictorial measure of a subject's usual level of daytime sleepiness or average sleep propensity.

The pESS asks people to rate their usual chances of dozing off or falling asleep in 8 different situations or activities that most people engage in as part of their daily lives, although not necessarily every day.


Admin time :  5 min.

User Friendly :  High

Administered by : self or GP


Content : The client self-rates on how likely it is that he/she would doze in eight different situations. Scoring of the answers is 0-3, with 0 being “would never doze” and 3 being “high chance of dozing”. A sum of 10 or more from the eight individual scores reflects above normal daytime sleepiness and need for further evaluation.

In general ESS scores can be interpreted as follows:

0-5 Lower Normal Daytime Sleepiness

6-10 Higher Normal Daytime Sleepiness

11-12 Mild Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

13-15 Moderate Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

16-24 Severe Excessive Daytime Sleepiness


Author :  Ghiassi R,  2011 access

Copyright : © 2011, BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. & British Thoracic Society

Permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) is required.


This Tool is used in Sleep Disorders

Back To : Sleep Disorders

old man sleepless on couch
Geriatric Syndromes

Sleep Disorders is one of 4 Geriatric Syndromes


Back To : Geriatric Syndromes

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