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Resources for the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment based
Proactive and Personalised Primary Care of the Elderly

Sexuality and Intimacy Assessment

  • AARP; 1999

American Association of Retired Persons. Modern maturity. Sexuality study. Washington DC: AARP; 1999.



  • Annon, J. (1976). 

Annon, J. (1976). The PLISSIT model: A proposed conceptual scheme for the behavioral treatment of sexual problems. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 2(2), 1-15.


  • Belami JS, 2011

Balami JS. Are geriatricians guilty of failure to take a sexual history? J Clin Gerontol Geriatr. 2011;2:17-20.


  • Bauer M, 2007

Bauer M, McAuliffe L, Nay R. Sexuality, health care and the older person: an overview of the literature. Int J Older People Nurs. 2007;2:63-68.


  • Bauer M, 2012

Bauer M, Fetherstonhaugh D, Tarzia L, Nay R, Wellman D, Beattie E. I always look under the bed for a man.” Needs and barriers to the expression of sexuality in residential aged care: The views of residents with and without dementia. Psychol Sex. 2012.


  • Bauer M, 2013

Bauer M, Nay R, Tarzia L, Fetherstonhaugh D, Wellman D, Beattie E. We Need To Know What’s Going On’: Views of family members toward the sexual expression of people with dementia in residential aged care. Dementia Int J soc Res Practice. 2013.


  • Bauer M, 2014

Bauer M, Fetherstonhaugh D, Tarzia L, Nay R, Beattie E. Supporting residents' expression of sexuality: the initial construction of a sexuality assessment tool for residential aged care facilities. BMC Geriatr. 2014 Jun 30;14:82.


  • Blando JA, 2001

Blando JA. Twice hidden: older gay and lesbian couples, friends, and intimacy. Generations 2001;25:87-9.


  • Bouman W, 2006

Bouman W, Arcelus J, Benbow S. Nottingham study of sexuality & ageing (NoSSA I). Attitudes regarding sexuality and older people: a review of the literature. Sex Relationship Ther. 2006;21:149-161.


Bradford A, Meston CM. Senior sexual health: The effects of aging on sexuality. In: VandeCreek L, Petersen FL, Bley JW, eds. Innovations in Clinical Practice: Focus on Sexual Health. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press; 2007:35-45.

  • Brooks TR, 1993

Brooks TR. Sexuality in the aging woman. Female Patient 1993;18:27-34.


  • Calamidas EG, 1997

Calamidas EG. Promoting health sexuality among older adults: educational challenges for health professionals. J Sex Educ Ther 1997;22:45-9


  • Camacho ME, 2005

Camacho ME, Reyes­Ortiz CA. Sexual dysfunction in the elderly: age or disease? Int J Impot Res 2005;17:Suppl 1:S52­S56.


  • Carstenson, LL, 1983

Carstenson, L.L., & Cone, J.D. (1983). Social desirability and measurement of psychological well-being in elderly persons. Journal of Gerontology, 38, 713-715.



  • CDC, 2013

HIV among older Americans. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. Available at: Updated December 23, 2013. Accessed February 28, 2014.


  • DeHertogh DA, 1994

DeHertogh DA. Sexually transmitted diseases in the elderly. Infections in Medicine 1994;11:361-3, 371. 3.

  • Gott M, 2003

Gott M, Hinchliff S. Barriers to seeking treatment for sexual problems in primary care: a qualitative study with older people. Fam Pract. 2003;20:690-695.


  • Gott M, 2004

Gott M, Hinchliff S, Galena E. Gen­eral practitioner attitudes to discussing sexual health issues with older people. Soc Sci Med 2004;58:2093­103.


  • Hajjar RR, 2004

Hajjar RR, Kamel HK. Sexuality in the nursing home, part 1: attitudes and barriers to sexual expression. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2004;5(2 suppl):S42-S47.


  • Hinchliff S, 2011

Hinchliff S, Gott M. Seeking medical help for sexual concerns in mid- and later life: a review of the literature. J Sex Res. 2011;48:106-117.


  • Hyde, JS, 1990

Hyde, J.S. (1990). Understanding human sexuality (4th ed., pp. 335-337). New York: McGraw-Hill.


  • Isselbacher KJ, 1994

Isselbacher KJ, Martin JB, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Wilson JD, Kasper DL, eds. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 13th ed. New York: McGraw­Hill, 1994:262.


  • Janus SC, 2003

Janus SC, Janus CL. The Janus report on sexual behavior. 1993. Cited in M. Wallace. Sexuality and aging in long­term care. Ann Long-Term Care 2003;11:53-9.


  • Jemail, JA, 1982

Jemail, J.A., & LoPiccolo, J. (1982). A sexual and a marital defensiveness scale for each sex. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 10  (3), 33-40.


  • Kamel HK, 2003

Kamel HK, Hajjar RR. Sexuality in the nursing home, part 2: managing abnormal behavior—legal and ethical issues. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2003;4:203-6.



  • Kuhn D, 2003

Kuhn D. Intimacy, sexuality and residents with dementia. Alzheimer Care 2003;3:165-76.


Lindau ST, Schumm LP, Laumann EO, et al. A study of sexuality and health among older adults in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2007;357:762-774.

  • Laumann EO, 2005

Laumann EO, Nicolosi A, Glasser DB, et al. Sexual problems among women and men aged 40–80 y: prevalence and corre­lates identified in the Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors. Int J Impot Res 2005;17:39­57.



  • Low LPL, 2005

Low LPL, Lui MHL, Lee DTF, et al. Promoting awareness of sexuality of older people in residential care. Electronic J Human Sexuality. 2005;8:8-16.


  • Mattiasson AC, 1999

Mattiasson AC, Hember M. Intimacy—meeting needs and respecting privacy in the care of elderly people: what is a good moral attitude on the part of the nurse/carer? Nurs Ethics 1999;5:527-34.


  • Moreira ED Jr, 2005

Moreira ED Jr, Brock G, Glasser DB, et al; GSSAB Investigators’ Group. Help-seeking behaviour for sexual problems: the global study of sexual attitudes and behaviors. Int J Clin Pract. 2005;59:6-16.


  • Moss BF, 2001

Moss BF, Schwebel AI. Defining intimacy in romantic relationships. Fam Relations 1993;42:31–7. Cited in Blieszner R, deVries B, editors. Introduction to journal issue; perspectives on intimacy. Generations 2001;25:7-8.


  • Nagaratnam N, 2002

Nagaratnam N, Gayagay G Jr. Hypersexuality in nursing care facilities—a descriptive study. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2002;35:195-203


  • Nicolosi A, 2004 A

Nicolosi A, Laumann EO, Glasser DB, et al. Sexual behavior and sexual dysfunc­tions after age 40: the Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors. Urology 2004;64:991­7



  • Nicolosi A, 2004 B

Nicolosi A, Moreira ED Jr, Villa M, Glasser DB. A population study of the as­sociation between sexual function, sexual satisfaction and depressive symptoms in men. J Affect Disord 2004;82:235­43.

  • Nusbaum MR, 2002

Nusbaum MR, Hamilton CD. The proactive sexual health history. Am Fam Physician. 2002;66:1705-1712.


  • Olson, DH, 1975

Olson, D.H. (1975). Intimacy and the aging family. Realities of Aging. College of Home Economics, University of Minnesota.


  • Patterson, GR, 1977

Patterson, G.R., Weiss, R.L., & Hops, H. (1977). Training of marital skills: Some problems and concepts. In H. Leitenberg (Ed.), Handbook of behavior modification. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.


  • Politi MC, 2009

Politi MC, Clark MA, Armstrong G, et al. Patient-provider communication about sexual health among unmarried middle-aged and older women. J Gen Intern Med. 2009;24:511-516.


  • Rao TSS, 2001

Rao TSS, Rao VS. Approaches to Common Sexual problems in Medical Practice. 2nd ed. Sumana, Mandya: Reliance Phamaceuticals; 2001.


  • Rao TSS, 2011

Rao TSS, Tandon A. Intimacy, Sensuality and Sexuality. In:Rao TSS, Gupta S, Tandon A(Eds). Elderly Sexuality: Intimacy Matters.IAGMH 2011:17-23.


  • Rheaume C, 2008

Rheaume C, Mitty E. Sexuality and intimacy in older adults. Geriatr Nurs. 2008;29:342-349.


  • Rosen RC, 2005

Rosen RC, Wing R, Schneider S, Gen­drano N. Epidemiology of erectile dysfunc­tion: the role of medical comorbidities and lifestyle factors. Urol Clin North Am 2005;32:403­-17.


  • Rust, J, 1985

Rust, J., & Golombok, S. (1985). The Golombok-Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS). British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 24, 63-64.



  • Schaefer, M. T.

Schaefer, M. T. and Olson, D. H. 1981. Assessing intimacy: The PAIR Inventory. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 1: 47–60.


  • Schover LR, 2000

Schover LR. Sexual problems in chronic illness. In: Leiblum SR, Rosen RC, eds. Principles and practice of sex therapy. New York: Guilford, 2000:398­422.


  • Tabak N, 2006

Tabak N, Shemesh-Kigli R. Sexuality and Alzheimer’s disease: can the two go together? Nurs Forum 2006;41: 158-66.



  • WHO, 2008

World Health Organization. Sexual and reproductive health : Sexual health. Accessed online December 2015


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These are references for Sexuality and Intimacy Assessment

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The Sexuality and Intimacy Assessment is one of 8 domains of the

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA)

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