Resources for the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment based
Proactive and Personalised Primary Care of the Elderly


Purpose : Alcohol consumption screening tool


Admin time :  5 min

User Friendly :  High

Administered by : GP or nurse 


Content : Questions pertaining to alcohol use.


Author : (Ewing J, 1984)


128 KB

Developed by Dr. John Ewing, founding Director of the Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies,

University of North Carolina at Cahpel Hill, CAGE is an internationally used assessment instrument for identifying alcoholics.


It is particularly popular with primary care givers.

CAGE has been translated into several languages.


The CAGE questions can be used in the clinical setting using informal phrasing.


It has been demonstrated that they are most effective when used as part of a general health history and should NOT be preceded by questions about how much or how frequently the patient drinks (Steinweg DL, 1993).


The exact wording that can be used in research studies can be found in:

JA Ewing “Detecting Alcoholism: The CAGE Questionaire” JAMA 252: 1905-1907, 1984. Researchers and clinicians who are publishing studies using the CAGE Questionnaire should cite the above reference.

No other permission is necessary unless it is used in any profit-making endeavor in which case the Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies would require to negotiate a payment.

This Tool is used in the assessment of Alcohol Problems

Back To : Alcohol Problems

Alcohol Problems
Thorny Issues

Back To : Thorny Issues

This is one of several topics presented in the Thorny Issues sector of this toolkit